Promoting a property Made clean With the right expertise

Financing Offers

If your motive is to private 10, 20 or 30 houses and supply the deposits for all people you’ll soon run out of your own coins so how do the Specialists do it? Well, the solution is Other Peoples coins (OPM). They purchase their houses at the proper rate. Money in Belongings is made at the same time as you purchase the Assets no longer whilst you sell it. Buying on the proper rate i.E. Below market charge or BMV because it’s known as lets in you to refinance with the mortgage lender on the Open marketplace charge and pull out the maximum of your deposit coins. This permits you to recycle your pot of coins to buy other Belongings. But, on this market, the Council of Mortgage Lenders have imposed a 6-month rule that prevents you remortgaging except the Belongings has been held for at the least 6 months. If you may display introduced price then you definitely, in reality, have a better risk of reaching the valuation you preference. On not unusual Assets expenses double every eleven years. This shows a 100K Belongings is in reality really worth 200K in eleven years time. While you promote these Belongings you pay off the authentic 100K mortgage and then have approximately 100K income. This method if you obtain 2 residences you could promote one and pay off the mortgage on the alternative and still have 1 coins flowing Property without a loan on it. The use of this precept it can be scaled up to any quantity of residences your preference to shop for. Getting a loan can be tough in this contemporary economic weather but not possible. The cash hasn’t disappeared. It’s miles honestly in one of a kind locations. The trick is to discover the human beings with the cash.

Selling assets can be made easy provided that you know the right manner to do it. As with most things, human beings are looking out for a good buy, specifically with a first-rate funding such as buying a residence. Remember that many other properties may be on the real property market at the identical time as your very own. To generate the nice opportunity to sell your home and make a terrific income you ought to keep in mind the subsequent factors.

Property Made

1) Find Professional Help: First of all, discover an experienced actual estate agent. The agent can propose you about the modern assets marketplace in addition to fees that houses are promoting at. You need to undergo in mind that belongings, like the entirety, has a marketplace prices and the great way of ensuring a sale is to invite a realist charge. It is likewise important to concentrate to the advice given as the agent can also have thoughts about remaining minute touches that will help you to sell your property.

2) Presentation of Your Property: Another key thing in selling property quickly lies in its presentation. You should ensure that each the interior and outdoors of your property are clean and tidy – no person wants a residence that looks as if a rubbish tip. It is vital to make a great effect upon a capability buyer. It may also assist the agent to steer the purchaser that they would really like to buy your house.

Three) General Maintenance: Give your own home a sparkling coat of paint to decorate it up. Dark and stupid colorations will make the belongings look uninviting. Potential shoppers are attracted to white or off-white colorings that replicate the mild in your own home. Painting your own home in vivid colors may even give the effect that your own home is bigger than it absolutely is. In addition, a few colorful flower in the lawn can paintings wonders.

4) Remove unnecessary gadgets: To create a spacious experience to your private home eliminate all muddle and useless or antique objects of furniture. Making your own home look as sparkling as feasible will virtually upload to the income fee of the belongings. This will also assist the ability consumer to transport around freely and visualize where they would really like to place their very own furnishings. This is one of the maximum great factors in last a sale.

 

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Just as any able house owner grasps the significance of safeguarding his or her domestic with proper coverage insurance, allow assets proprietors ought to be equally vigilant when it comes to safeguarding their allow properties. Nevertheless, permit belongings owners often times make the luxurious oversight of incorrectly or underneath ensuring their residences, only to examine later while trying to make a claim that the belongings aren’t in truth acceptably protected.

Made thesaurus

If you are a allow assets owner, it’s miles imperative that you take the important steps to ensure acceptable insurance is in location, or else you divulge your investment to the danger of becoming a burden. In that regards, the first point to understand while acquiring your coverage is that widespread home insurance isn’t always acceptable coverage for permit houses. Instead, to your insurance to be valid, you have to enlighten your insurance company to the fact that the insurance is for assets you hire out, and hence you require let belongings insurance.

This form of insurance encompasses some of the alternatives that you could select from, concern in your needful wishes and finances, but, at the very minimum, you will want to pick out building insurance for landlords. Building coverage is mandatory for the safeguarding of your home, and any lender that mortgages the assets is probable to insist that you take out at least that level of safety.

 

Akin to building insurance with ordinary domestic insurance, building coverage for landlords safeguards let properties from the normal insurable occasions, so need to a herbal disaster or adversity damage your own home, you’ll no longer be pressured to finance the luxurious upkeep out of pocket. Furthermore, landlords homes coverage generally safeguards against more than a few different threats, so while you talk with your insurance provider make certain you set up what other threats are protected, which includes intentional or unnecessary damage. Safeguarding in opposition to as many threats as possible is critical because you are not constantly going to be reachable to hold a watchful eye on your own home, and whilst you hand the keys to strangers you don’t have any positive way of knowing that they or their guests will treat your house well.

Somebody needs to have pointed all this out to a friend of mine who stumbled upon his role as a landlord. He inherited and moved into assets on the outskirts of the city wherein he lived, but after much less than a yr, he determined he disliked dwelling within the outskirts and placed the place up as a condominium. Unfortunately, he did now not seek out recommendation when he did this, and for this reason made all kinds of errors, such as not enlightening his coverage provider and disposing of allowing belongings coverage. Another mistake he made changed into in no longer efficiently screening his new tenants and, well, you could possibly guess the rest, with the intention to make a long tale brief the tenants inflicted structural harm on a belongings that turned into now not safeguarded with landlords constructing coverage, and my buddy did not acquire a penny from the coverage agency.

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In addition to taking out the perfect insurance, a 2nd factor to realize while obtaining insurance is that it should be for an ok amount. To keep away from the problem of beneath insuring your own home, experts advise permit property proprietors to reap insurance in an amount on the way to appropriately cover the price of completely rebuilding the belongings.

Finally, if you want to protect your self and your own home to the fullest, do no longer forget about the other coverage alternatives that accompany landlords belongings coverage. These encompass lease assure, criminal prices insurance and landlords contents coverage, which whilst taken out in conjunction with landlords homes coverage can commonly be received at a reduced fee.

Investment assets financing is tough to get for the reason that global crisis and some traders in the next 12 months or will be confronted with refinancing, so permit’s examine how assets values may be multiplied to benefit buyers at that time.

Getting inside the know.

If you’re an investor with a property refinance coming up, then do your studies and find out all you could regarding what the modern-day view is of banks concerning refinancing, in particular, your bank. Ask around and test out their attitude anywhere and whenever you may. Find out if they are being reasonable with assets valuations if they are offering excellent loans to their existing clients and their trendy mindset to assets investing.

Easy

Most real estate in the marketplace use ‘Price’ instead of ‘Auctions’ as their major selling method. Yet facts definitely display auctions have a superior fulfillment fee. Out of the 180 St Heliers houses offered in 2009, 63 bought through auction and 117 sold via price. Yet 65% of the sixty-three properties sold through auction accomplished an amount same to or extra than the capital fee in comparison to fifty-four% of the 117 houses sold by using fee. What does this imply? Fewer St Heliers properties promote by way of public sale and auctions yield a better result for the seller. (Based on REINZ information).

REINZ is a real estate enterprise owned corporation that offers information to government corporations and private industry because it has the most updated property records to be had in New Zealand. Capital Value is a determine utilized by councils in New Zealand to calculate the charges domestic owners have to pay them at specific periods. Capital values are issued by using councils but are generated by using computer systems overseen by means of certified belongings valuers.

Success charges of other marketing techniques such as ‘Price on Application’ (POA), ‘By Negotiation’ (NEG), and gentle are not available due to the fact REINZ includes POA and NEG within the ‘Price’ category; tenders are a shape of public sale. Success costs of properties in the marketplace the usage of POA and NEG advertising strategies can’t be calculated.

Selling a belongings ‘By NEG’ means the belongings are for sale without an asking rate and invitations consumers to make an offer based on their notion of what belongings are well worth. Properties marketed with ‘POA’ have an asking charge but it is only disclosed when real consumers make active inquiries about the property. The asking fee is the price the purchaser is probably to simply accept and is disclosed in advertisements. Typically the asking fee is negotiated downwards by using the purchaser.

Very few St Heliers homes sell by using soft as compared to by way of NEG and POA. Removing POA’s and NEG’s from the sales data might possibly make auctions look even more attractive because they might be as compared most effective with homes in the marketplace using an asking fee. Anecdotal proof suggests many customers forget about belonging available on the market with the aid of NEG while the marketplace slows down due to the fact they need a ballpark discern (asking price) to paintings within. Yet when they may be coined shoppers, they’re happy to bid at auction wherein the rate is unknown. Conditional consumers decide on homes with an asking price.

A conditional customer consists of situations inside the sale and purchases agreement together with verifying the financial institution will loan the money wanted to complete the property buy. Conditions must be fulfilled within a term targeted among the purchaser and seller for the home sale to go through. Currently there are 121 St Heliers residences advertised on the market on New Zealand’s largest committed real estate website using a diffusion of marketing strategies: ‘Price’ ( 48%), ‘Negotiable’ (30%), ‘Auction’ (21%), ‘Price on Application’ (2%).

The way to locate Tax Lien residences on the market

Almost every county authorities give tax lien residences for sale, in one shape or any other. The government seizes properties whilst owners do now not pay property, private assets or profits taxes within a chosen time, and public auctions are held as a means for the authorities to recoup the taxes owed.

Lien Properties

 

A person triumphing a bid at such an action should buy belongings at quantities significantly decrease than its real cost. Every country has exceptional legal guidelines and extraordinary approaches for engaging in such sales, so you need to do your homework in case you plan to start shopping tax lien houses for sale in chicago residences.

Ideally, you want to examine the whole lot you can about property tax legal guidelines, redemption durations, and different elements of the tax foreclosure process. There are many books at the concern, similarly to a wealth of records available over the net.

If you are searching out tax lien properties for sale, make sure you’re attending a tax lien deed sale and not a tax lien certificate sale. A purchaser of the tax lien certificate is best purchasing the property owners tax debt, which the owner should now pay to the certificate holder, in any other case the holder may additionally foreclose on the property.

The majority of the time, the belongings proprietor redeems the assets from the certificate holder, so in case you want the property, you need to bid at deed sales. All such auctions are open to the general public.

In order to locate such residences, you want to touch the county wherein you intend to purchase. You can both name or in most instances visit the county’s net web page. They can tell you in which and while such auctions are taking vicinity, and can either provide you with or let you know a way to get a listing of the homes up for sale. Often instances the auctions are published in the local newspaper.

 

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Once you get the listing, you need to analyze the properties to discover which ones are well worth your money and time. Of course, you need any such belongings to be really worth extra than the taxes, costs, and penalties assessed against it. You can discover such statistics as the assessed value of the property, and the taxes owed against it, in addition to the place of the belongings, and what sort of improvements, if any have been made on it.

You should move see the belongings, if feasible, for you make a decision to bid on it. If you bid at the assets and win, it’s far yours, free and clear to do with as you please. You may additionally determine to make improvements on the property your self, and either resell it or preserve it as a condominium property. You might also even determine to transport in yourself, the choice is yours.

Prowall property

During seller’s markets, developers (suppliers) are making money and constantly screen their earnings equation. As lengthy, because the equation yields a fine outcome and there are sufficient consumers, developers will preserve to supply new properties to the market.

 

Buyers normally only purchase at the give up of the development duration and there may be no clear sign to builders when the buyers are going to dry up. At a few stage, developers will sit with unsold devices and their earnings equation will slowly turn bad and they’ll withdraw from the marketplace. This is known as an over delivery market and assets charges will stabilize and now and again fall in actual terms. At this level the belongings speculators can even withdraw from the marketplace due to confined brief term boom and earnings in the marketplace.

However, population growth keeps and the simple call for affordable belongings will constantly have an advantageous fashion.

The first signal of the belongings back side is commonly within the rental marketplace. As soon as leases rise due to rental demand outstripping deliver, the long time belongings buyers slowly re input the marketplace due to the supply of bargain houses (buyers marketplace) and growing rentals. Speculators are attracted back to the market due to back side prices and first-time domestic buyers enter the marketplace earlier than rising fees move past their affordability levels.

Property charges start to upward push and the belongings demand supply pendulum swings once more. Developers will once more display their profit equitation and as soon as they’ve affirmation of enough customers (demand), creation (deliver) of recent devices will commence. In the imply time, constructing prices have saved up with inflation and new gadgets coming into the marketplace could be priced on the better degrees and current gadgets will see “trap up” increase. This phenomenon together with the non-stop delivery of latest property consumers (population growth) is the secret to assured long time assets boom.

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As long as a called for exceeds supply, property costs will rise and so long as deliver exceeds call for property expenses will stabilize, however, belongings prices not often fall to their original tiers simply because of non-stop supply (populace growth) and inflation rising prices of new property supply.

As maximum folks have owned a property for the duration of our lives, it is a shape of investment we are acquainted with. If we very own belongings we are able to pick out to stay in it ourselves or permit it, we will power beyond it, contact it, recognize it, display it off to our buddies and use it as safe for a mortgage. Of route, there may be added the famous notion that “land must be an awesome investment due to the fact they’re no longer making any extra of it”. It is not unexpected then, that when traders set approximately getting cash or organizing a retirement fund, assets funding is often at the pinnacle of the list.

Sale

It is remarkable how frequently people plunge into property funding without doing their homework. Many property investors – commonly the less a success ones – can not let you know what rate of going back they’re getting on their property. Good expert advice is critical before you buy investment assets so that you can estimate as correctly as feasible the probable earnings, outgoings, tax legal responsibility (or tax advantage) and overall return (net earnings plus capital advantage). While better-priced houses can produce higher capital benefit, they regularly generate a decrease earnings return, as hiring is decided extra with the aid of the bodily traits of a property (eg the quantity of bedrooms) than the fee of the assets. Advice must be sought on the first-class possession structure for investment assets and research should be done on the pleasant location to invest in.

Financing Offers

If your motive is to private 10, 20 or 30 houses and supply the deposits for all people you’ll soon run out of your own coins so how do the Specialists do it? Well, the solution is Other Peoples coins (OPM). They purchase their houses on the proper rate. Money in Belongings is made at the same time as you purchase the Assets no longer whilst you sell it. Buying on the proper rate i.E. Below market charge or BMV because it’s known as lets in you to refinance with the mortgage lender on the Open marketplace charge and pull out maximum of your deposit coins. This permits you to recycle your pot of coins to buy another Belongings. But, on this market, the Council of mortgage Lenders have imposed a 6 month rule that prevents you remortgaging except the Belongings has been held for at the least 6 months. If you may display introduced price then you definitely in reality have a better risk of reaching the valuation you preference. On not unusual Assets expenses double every eleven years. This shows a 100K Belongings is in reality really worth 200K in eleven years time. While you promote this Belongings you pay off the authentic 100K mortgage and then have approximately 100K income. This method if you obtain 2 residences you could promote one and pay off the mortgage on the alternative and still have 1 coins flowing Property without a loan on it. The use of this precept it can be scaled up to any quantity of residences you preference to shop for. Getting a loan can be tough in this contemporary economic weather but not not possible. The cash hasn’t disappeared. It’s miles honestly in one of a kind locations. The trick is to discover the human beings with the cash.

Owning assets without delay give an investor control over their funding but bring with it all of the hassles of horrific tenants, middle of the night calls to restore the plumbing and the chance of having a lot of money tied up in one asset which may take some time to sell if funds are required.

Property funding can, however, be trouble-free. Two alternatives to investing in property without delay are listed belongings trusts and managed property finances. Listed property trusts are investment vehicles which might be listed at the stock change. These trusts boost funds from traders which can be then pooled to buy a diversified portfolio of funding residences. They generally pay remarkable dividends to traders and are a terrific source of retirement earnings. Investors can convert to coins fast if required by means of promoting their protecting on the percentage marketplace. The value of the funding is decided through an aggregate of the value of the underlying belongings and the dynamics of the percentage marketplace. Managed assets budget, of which there are numerous to be had, perform in a comparable way except that they are now not indexed and the cost of the funding is determined with the aid of the fee of the underlying belongings as opposed to being encouraged at once by the percentage market. Both managed belongings budget and indexed assets trusts provide top income streams with the possibility of capital gain and quality of all, no nighttime calls to restore the plumbing!

Financial Modeling: investment assets model

Building financial models is an art. The only way to enhance American financing your craft is to construct a diffusion of financial fashions throughout some of the industries. Let’s attempt a model for a funding that is not past the reach of maximum individuals – a funding belongings.

Before we jump into building a monetary American financing version, we ought to American financing ask ourselves what drives the business that we are exploring. The solution will have considerable implications for the way we assemble the version.

Who Will Use It?

Who could be the use of this model and what’s going to the american financing they are using it for? An employer might also have a new product for which they need to calculate a superior charge. Or an investor may additionally need to map out a task to peer what form of investment return he or she will be able to assume.

Depending on those scenarios, the stop result of what the version will calculate can be very exceptional. Unless you already know exactly American financing what decision the user of your model desires to make, you could discover yourself beginning over numerous times till you locate an approach that makes use of the proper inputs to find the ideal outputs.

On to Real Estate

In our scenario, we need to discover what form of economic American financing return we are able to expect from investment assets given positive information approximately the funding. This statistics might include variables such as the purchase charge, price of appreciation, the charge at which we can lease it out, the financing phrases available for the belongings, etc.

 

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Our return on this investment might be driven by means of number one factors: our rental profits and the appreciation of the value of the assets. Therefore, we must begin with the aid of forecasting apartment income and the appreciation of the assets inattention.

Once we’ve got built out that portion of the version, we can use the data we’ve got calculated to discern out how we are able to finance the purchase of the property and what economic changes we are able to assume to incur as a result.

Next, we address the property control expenses. We will need to apply the property price that we forecasted so as to be capable of calculating property taxes, so it’s miles critical that we build the model in a certain order.

With those projections in place, we can start to piece collectively the profits statement and the stability sheet. As we positioned these on location, we may spot objects that we have not but calculated and we may also have to go returned and upload them in the appropriate places.

Finally, we will use those financials to undertaking the cash drift to the investor and calculate our return on funding.

Laying Out the Model

We should additionally reflect on consideration on how we want to lay it out so we keep our workspace clean. In Excel, one of the great ways to prepare monetary models is to separate certain sections of the model on distinct worksheets.investment

We can provide every tab a name that describes the information contained in it. This manner, other users of the model can higher apprehend in which records are calculated in the version and how it flows.

In our funding property model, permit’s use four tabs: assets, financing, charges, and financials. Property, financing, and charges may be the tabs on which we input assumption and make projections for our version. The financials tab might be our consequences page in which we will show the output of our version in a manner it truly is without difficulty understanding.

Forecasting Revenues

Let’s begin with the belongings tab by means of renaming the tab “Property” and including his name in cell A1 of the worksheet. By taking care of some of those formatting issuing at the front give up, we’re going to have a less complicated time retaining the model easy.

Next, let’s installation our assumptions box. A few rows beneath the identify, type “Assumptions” and make a vertical listing of the following inputs:

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Purchase Price
Initial Monthly Rent
Occupancy Rate
Annual Appreciation
Annual Rent Increase
Broker Fee
Investment Period

In the cells to the proper of each input label, we’re going to install an input field with the aid of including a practical placeholder for each value. We will format each of those values to be blue in color. This is a commonplace modeling conference to suggest that those are input values. This formatting will make it easier for us and others to recognize how the version flows. Here are a few corresponding values to start with:

 

The buy charge may be the charge we anticipate to pay for particular assets. The preliminary month-to-month rent could be the fee for which we expect to hire out the belongings. The occupancy price will measure how properly we preserve the assets rented out (95% occupancy will imply that there’ll handiest be about 18 days that the property will cross un-rented among tenants every year).

Annual appreciation will determine the charge that the price of our property will increase (or decreases) each 12 months. Annual hire boom will decide how a lot we will boom the rent each 12 months. The dealer charge measures what percentage of the sale price of the assets we are able to should pay a booking whilst we promote the belongings.

The funding duration is how long we can maintain the assets for before we sell it. Now that we’ve got an amazing set of property assumptions down, we are able to begin to make calculations based on these assumptions.

A Note on Time Periods

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There are many ways to start forecasting out values throughout time. You could venture financials monthly, quarterly, annually or some mixture of the three. For most fashions, you need to bear in mind forecasting the financials monthly at some stage in the first couple years.

By doing so, you permit users of the version to look some of the cyclicality of the enterprise (if there is any). It additionally lets you identify certain issues with the enterprise model that might not display up in annual projections (which include cash stability deficiencies). After a primary couple of years, you could then forecast the financials on an annual basis.

For our functions, annual projections will reduce down at the complexity of the version. One aspect impact of this choice is that once we begin amortizing mortgages later, we are able to land up incurring greater interest cost than we’d if we had been making monthly fundamental payments (that is what happens in fact).

Another modeling choice you can need to keep in mind is whether or not to use real date headings to your projection columns (12/31/2010, 12/31/2011,…). Doing so can help with performing greater complicated feature later, however again, for our functions, we are able to truly use 1, 2, three, etc. To measure out our years. In Excel, we will play with the formatting of these numbers a piece to read:

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year four…

These numbers must be entered beneath our assumptions field with the primary year starting in as a minimum column B. We will convey those values out to 12 months then. Projections made beyond ten years do no longer have a great deal credibility so maximum economic fashions do not exceed ten years.

On to the Projections

Now that we’ve got installation our time labels at the “Property” worksheet, we’re equipped to start our projections. Here are the preliminary values we want to project for the following ten years in our version:

Property Value
Annual Rent
Property Sale
Broker Fee
Mortgage Bal.
Equity Line Bal.
Net Proceeds
Owned Property Value

Add those line items in column A just below and to the left of where we introduced the 12 months labels.

A new examine sodium and blood stress
Moore and her crew took facts from 2,632 men and women aged between 30 and sixty-four years, who had been part of the Framingham Offspring Study – an offshoot of the Framingham Heart Study. All individuals had regular blood strain on the begin of the trial.

Over the 16-year observe-up duration, the researchers discovered that the participants who consumed beneath 2,500 milligrams of sodium every day had better blood stress than folks that ate up better portions of sodium.

The outcomes seem counterintuitive. As the authors write: “While we predicted nutritional sodium intake to be definitely related to both SBP [systolic blood pressure] and DBP [diastolic blood pressure], the alternative become located.”

Although the findings seem to kick against the popularity quo, they’re in line with different latest studies asking comparable questions. Research has shown that there’s a “J-shaped relationship” between cardiovascular threat and sodium. This approach that low-sodium diets and really high-sodium diets each deliver a higher danger of heartsickness.

Many people within the United States sit down within the middle of this curve, in which the cardiovascular risk is at

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6 guidelines on Having a lovely courting With food

In this newsletter, Dhrumil Purohit shares on what it means to have a Lovely Courting with healthy food and the way to cope with cravings. Dhrumil Purohit is the lead contributor, visionary, and creator of We Like it Uncooked and Give it to Me Raw.

Kevin: Permits get this summary and Let’s nail it down here. Are you able to give an explanation for what you said by means of a Stunning Dating with healthy food? Because that sounds definitely attractive, what does that imply for you?

Dhru: Actually. So no person might ever need to become a vegetarian or a vegan or begin eating greater Uncooked meals, or even simply humans, it does not depend on what you devour, most people in this name are in all likelihood thinking about which includes more entire healthy food in their weight loss program. no person wants to do that and make their lives more complex. If ingesting healthier would make your lifestyles more complex then why the heck might you want to do it?

So what I see as a Beautiful Courting with healthy food is a Dating where you not are frightened of counting energy, you no longer are nervous approximately, is that this Food going to deliver me this degree of disease. You’re no longer fearful of getting the level of nutrients that you want to. And you also, on a daily basis aren’t scared of what you will devour. Whilst you consider it, most people assume a lot approximately Meals. Especially if they are visiting or visiting some other united states of America or just some other city, they assume so much approximately healthy food. What am I going go eat subsequently? they’re a slave to something they eat. And no one desires to make that worse with the aid of embarking on a herbal weight loss program of some sort, whether that be Uncooked meals, or complete foods or whatever else.

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So having a Beautiful Dating with healthy food is the usage of healthy food as a vehicle of nourishment in place of treating Meals as the vacation spot. All of us understand people which might be accessible that get so stuck up with being ideal in relation to their eating regimen that they spend extra time thinking about Food and stressing approximately Meals than they do taking part in lifestyles. Meals aren’t the closing purpose, it’s only a vehicle to take us someplace, to experience life similarly, to live more in the present moment. Food isn’t always that vacation spot where we want to turn out to be. We don’t want to be studying labels all day long. We do not need to be the usage of the Internet to remember calories. We do not want to be learning every unmarried new complement that comes available, hoping that it’ll restoration us or carry this to us in our lifestyles. So having a Beautiful Dating with healthy food is having a proper Courting with Food, when you operate it as a car to take you to where you need to move on your existence and to nourish your body, in preference to a vacation spot. Does that make sense Kevin?

 

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Kevin: Yeah. How do you already know You are there?

Dhru: Nicely, the handiest manner to examine it is to observe your existence proper now. Are you struggling? proper? As I referred to, the difference between a warfare and a project is only one aspect, and it is resistance. So just observe your day. examine your day, and at the end of the day While you consider healthy food, do you experience appropriate? Or do you experience no longer so appropriate, or aside from true? proper? So it really is the easiest way to study it. no person can let you know, proper?

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I’m turning 26 in multiple months. I’m likely 1/2 the age of maximum people which are likely listening in or maybe studying my websites which might be available. I am no longer claiming to know anything. All I’m sincerely doing is saying that, Permit’s study the maximum fundamental and fundamental things. Take a look at our lifestyles. Check your Relationship with healthy food. look at today. it is 8 pm at the east coast, a touch bit earlier at the west coast, observe your day. Did you have a Lovely Courting with Meals? Had been you obsessing about it? Have been you scouring the Net or the forum forums stressful approximately this and that and different things? it’s all proper to perform a little research and say, ‘wherein am I able to locate the nice supply of B12?’ But fretting about stuff, disturbing approximately stuff, it is now not a Lovely Relationship with Meals. So the perfect way to do it’s far Check nowadays, and notice in which you ended up. Are you satisfied? Are you glad in which you are? Or are you at the least entire wherein you’re? You may want to make a few progress, But are you entire in which you are these days? Or are you involved? Are you frightened? Are you stressing approximately in which you are not?

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But commonly, what I find is that most of the cravings that display up for people, they may be really coming from a place of, “I am not treating myself. I have been virtually excellent now, and I’m no longer treating myself or I’m denying myself.” it’s like being bored. most of the individuals which have cravings, I would say, that e mail me are human beings that are having cravings or are feeling like they may be tired of their healthy food plan, or that they have to be treating themselves Due to the fact they’re now not. So in that unique case, what I endorse is that, Ok, Permit’s simply examined it. To start with, I might say, are your yo-yo? proper? And that I simply want to give an explanation for that a bit further for humans that are not acquainted. Yo-yoing is people who treat existence, and specific diet, with properly and bad. They’ve their top and terrible days. They have a day it truly is clearly top, and they’re consuming almost all Raw Food or entire ingredients, and all natural and such things as that. After which day after today, they may be binging on a pizza. not just ingesting a slice, However, they are ingesting like an entire 1/2 a pizza, or they are drinking like 5 cups of espresso when they haven’t had coffee all week long. So it really is a yo-yo.

Now, in case you’re going thru yo-yo, then my concept is truely to cut back something nutritional regimen You’re trying to do. Allow’s take, as an example, Uncooked ingredients particularly. if you’re looking to devour basically or all Raw meals, And also your word that you’re having a whole lot of challenges yo-yo, take a step back and locate some transitional foods that you can eat on a daily foundation which is still top for you. Kevin, I recognize You are a very large fan of quinoa, right? So which include thinking like quinoa, which includes such things as steamed veggies, that still are matters that you can experience, which you might experience that are heat foods in case you’re craving warm ingredients, that could provide you with greater substance. it’s higher to take a step lower back than move to and fro among this yo-yo workout.

Now for different individuals who might simply have a choice right here and there that would display up, and if they’re doing properly overall, and if they may be first-rate the usage of the subject, then use it! by means of all means, if an area has worked for you thus far, who am I to inform you not to apply it? What I might advise even though, is be aware if your nutritional adventure stops becoming a laugh, all right? notice if you’re bringing more pressure into it. be aware in case you’re adding the size of resistance, in case you’re now not certainly taking part in the journey anymore. And in case you be aware that you’re not playing it anymore, then there may be a time to also reevaluate and say, “What may want to I be doing in another way right here?”

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Or just even taking a look at your goals. What is my purpose here? What am I trying to do? proper? What am I seeking to truly reap here with my diet? Is losing those final ten kilos, is that it? And then after that, then what? What’s the following aspect after that? right? now and again, what I find, Kevin, is that honestly with the aid of simply being connected to a particular intention, that frequently creates those degrees of preference, Due to the fact humans are so fixated at the intention. “Good enough, I want to get here, I need to get here, I want to get here.” That they start tripping up, that they prevent focusing at the everyday things that they did at the beginning, and that they’re so focused on the goal that they begin stumbling at the fact that they’re no longer making development speedy sufficient. “I am not doing it short enough.” And just with the aid of re-evaluating it, I frequently discover, simply through taking a possibility to in reality re-evaluate the desires of the one, just by taking an opportunity to reflect on those goals. every now and then humans are able to make outstanding progress and recognize, “Wow! I am chasing after my tail. it is a legitimate aim, and it is an excellent element to obtain, But I am so fixated on it that I can’t think of something else. I cannot awareness on some thing else.”

The dying of the professional beauty industry

The Professional Beauty Enterprise as I as soon as knew it, is dead. Having spent the past 45 years in our once proud Enterprise at each stage, my motive in writing this newsletter is to record by means of decade, beginning with the 60’s that is when I got here into the Enterprise, the dynamics that drove that decade with the evolution of the Enterprise moving forward, so we will all see wherein the whole thing started moving negatively and in which the industries are these days due to the evolutionary technique over the decades.

Salons, once a haven for ladies, have turn out to be Unbiased Stylists leasing area from the landlord/salon owner. Professional most effective merchandise have come to be commodity merchandise purchased on fee and observed everywhere, specifically outside the salon.

The big distributors are actually owned with the aid of the company giants, leaving a panorama with small vendors combating the machine and dropping the battle to a marketplace by no means visible earlier than in our Enterprise. The 60’s have been all approximately wet sets, girls touring their stylist at their preferred salon each week to redo their do. All through this decade, the old shield producers have been Revlon, Lamar, Helen Curtis, Rilling, Clairol, Roux, and others that generated their profits more often than not though salons. Early In the course of this decade, Paula Kent purchased from Jheri Redding three easy formulas and started a company known as Redken Labs. At the same time an English stylist, Vidal Sasson, had commenced a motion that would literally flip heads the wrong way up as his message become “Permit the haircut to be the blueprint for the style.”, which opened the door for salons to make bigger their commercial enterprise as they were operating on the same 50 customers each week. In a month’s time, they nonetheless simplest labored with the equal 50 customers. While hair slicing has become the fashion, stylists targeted on hair cutting had been now seeing a specific 50 customers each week, now totaling 2 hundred a month, commencing the door to additional revenue.

 

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The 70’s saved the emergence of extra manufacturers following the Redken version, seeing the access of Sebastian in 1976 and Nexus in 1979. The focal point of those new manufacturers was to help the salon build a whole new enterprise referred to as retail, subsequently beginning the floodgates to extra profits for all. In the 70’s many Redken concept salons have been competing with their provider commercial enterprise to boom retail income to twenty-five% of their gross, which in turn opened up profitability to degrees by no means visible earlier than. Redken Labs grew exponentially based totally on their Splendor through Technological know-how philosophy and the more modern entries which include Sebastian and Nexus have been placing their personal standards to compete In the new path of the industries. Chemical services in salons, in particular, perms, drove massive numbers in any respect levels and manufacturers were starting to section in new merchandise to guide the shift in clients’ needs for their renovation unfastened hair. Education becomes also at the rise, as salons desired to know as a good deal as viable approximately the products supporting their services and the new retail income move that was on the upward thrust.

The 80’s become a decade with constant increase and strength for the brand new producers. Paul Mitchell and Matrix Essentials came into the market in 1981 and we now had five new, aspiring and growing corporations driving the increase of salons via their direct management and had been turning into so robust that there has been a further shift from the leadership of the aforementioned manufacturers found Inside the 60’s to the top five leaders that drove the 80’s with their philosophy, merchandise, and Schooling. Throughout this decade, salon retail went through the roof, as salon customers had been a clean goal for Professional merchandise that had been one of a kind to the Professional salon. Big hair becomes the rage which opened the door to more modern products that supported this fashion. At some stage in this period, Beauty Supplies had been allowed to symbolize and convey Professional merchandise, as long as they’d a shampoo bowl and presented services as a part of their in shop format. Unluckily, this was one of the first regions where the producer misplaced manipulates and opened the door to charge cutting, nonadherence to regulations, and Expert merchandise beginning to expose up in much less than Professional shops.This decade additionally saw the rise of the Independents, eroding the vintage machine of commission salons wherein the owner employed stylists as personnel and grew their enterprise as a crew oriented attempt. Now the general public of salons nationwide is nothing more than lease areas for every person inclined to pay their area expenses. merchandise are harder to put in salons because each stylist could make their very own choice as to what they use and sell and Schooling has long past by the wayside as a salon proprietor cannot mandate that his lessors need to attend any educational occasions.

The 90’s have been a time When we stated that we have been an aging population and that the Baby Boomers were driving the bus into the following decade. We now see the access of the company giants, Loreal, P&G, Alberto Culver, Unilever, etc., start to buy now not only massive distributorships, however also the manufacturers On the top in their recreation including Redken and Matrix. The only one of the massive 5 giants In the industries, Paul Mitchell, is the simplest one which has not been bought. The others, Redken, Matrix, Sebastian, and Nexus are now corporately owned and driven, and whilst they espouse “Expert handiest”, promote their product range via any source with a view to make them cash. That is why the Professional most effective product has to turn out to be “commodity” product, that is defined by using rate and ubiquitous placement. With the acquisition of the massive distributorships that drove the growth for the large manufacturers, particularly Redken and Matrix, the market area changed into left with middle to small sized distributorships that have no longer been able to compete with the mass size and scope of the company giants.

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The 10’s have brought us complete circle to where we started this journey Inside the 60’s. The giant manufacturers then were compelled into going retail as the new giants had created an environment in salons that saved their commercial enterprise developing. Lamentably, we are seeing the same thing happen again with the ownership of family-owned and driven groups being bought out via the company giants.

Right here is why we are seeing and feeling the results of the Loss of life of the Expert Splendor industries.

Diversion: This key vicinity noticed salon products pass into retail channels via unscrupulous and unethical human beings. We had a captive target audience for Professional products In the 70’s and 80’s, however, once the salon consumer understood that they could locate Professional products at stores out of doors their Expert salon, it opened the floodgates and is the authentic purpose we now see those products literally anywhere. The Big losers on this ongoing recreation are the salons and their stylists, who’ve in no way recovered. Why purchase Professional product On the salon once they should buy it at Costco, goal, Drug shops, grocery stores, and on into infinity. Apparently enough, Splendor Substances these days whinge and gripe approximately their losses to mass retail, as salons once did approximately them. How the circle turns.

ownership: once the top tier of manufacturing groups moved from family ownership to company possession, pushed especially by way of “bottom” line profitability and stockholders searching out a go back, we see a chief shift. The reason we do not see any big range of direct manufacturer educators for these companies is they had been the primary matters to be discarded for fee savings. Bigger isn’t necessarily better.

Independents: This one shift transformed our industries, removing management at salon degree and developing a nightmare for producers and distributors alike, as they now have to speak to every stylish one by one in salons that once had one or two key people that made monetary decisions for the group. Typically stylists nowadays simplest come into their area after they have an appointment and will care less about Education and the Industry as an entire.

Distribution: nowadays it is difficult to locate big distributorships that after ruled the landscape with their sales pressure, educators, Training, and guide. They were bought by means of the massive companies for their stores, that is part of the sports plan the giant groups continue to observe. They need stylists to are available day by day if needed, to buy what they may be the usage of the following day or even this week. whilst they hold a weak sales pressure, the long time plan is to get all stylists to go into their stores to purchase their Beauty desires. The current distributor base now works with smaller strains that oftentimes do now not have the capital to properly marketplace and drive their enterprise.

Traits: Having lived thru six decades of this industries and staring at the various Trends inclusive of the Farrah Fawcett cut and style, the Dorothy Hamill Wedge, Massive Hair, Jennifer Anniston, and now Wealthy Woman Hair. Unluckily, we have gotten far away from retaining the purchaser tied to the salon for service, as hair has grown to be less of an accessory and almost anti-salon. Aside from the distinctiveness services which includes coloration, straightening, enjoyable, and formal events, go searching for women’s hair. it’s far in bad condition, over processed, dry and unmanageable, now not vibrant, and reputedly no longer as critical as we once saw in previous many years.

Considering I took a hard observe why we’ve got misplaced the industries we all as soon as knew, I might be much less than responsible if I did now not offer long-term answers to the mess we’re in. Right here are some of my tips.

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Modern-day producers should control their product motion. If they are working within the Expert industries , they need to be given the responsibility for the way their merchandise are positioned, taught, and sold. I endorse felony contracts among the manufacturer and their vendors, in addition to the distributor and their salons. Any deviancy brings the lack of the line and felony ramifications. This includes Internet sales, which might be Typically sold at a reduction and offer little to no manage. A brand new interactive group representing these vendors has to be enacted, ensuring that the goals of “Expert simplest”, be the helping component using their increase.

Regulation must begin nation by means of the nation to set up salons as a commission based enterprise and Independents must be relabeled as employees in order that manipulate can be brought again into the Enterprise and its long-term possibilities.

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Distribution networks ought to hold growing for the Professional simplest market with a full understanding of the function they proportion within the vertical integration of their manufacturers and providers.

3 Key Steps every day Radiant beauty

Splendor is so subjective, yet both males and females are constantly striving day-to-day acquire that ‘Frame Beautiful’. This is promoted thru the media, in which we’re constantly bombarded with images of Beautiful males and females who, by way of implication, are successful every day every day their suitable appears.

Splendor but is an awful lot more than just pores and skin deep and authentic Beauty comes from inside. There are simple steps, which everybody can comply with day-to-day appearance and feel greater Stunning. Splendor is plenty extra about the way you sense and project yourself than it is approximately the size of your waist, the wide variety of traces for your face or darkness of your tan. it’s far approximately the projection of fitness, vigor, and self-assurance.

 

So how are you going to attain this radiant Beauty?

simple. There are 3 key steps you want day-to-day contain in daily your daily life daily convey daily the outside the Splendor within.

Step 1 – Weight loss program

Yes, it’s far a vintage cliché, however, you are what you consume. Your skin, eyes, weight, seems and even your emotional nation are prompted by using what you devour. eat rubbish, and you will feel like rubbish, and that is what you may challenge daily the people around you. This sounds difficult, and many of you will now not believe this every day be true, but the truth is that in case your Diet does no longer encompass a well-rounded, nutritionally balanced consumption of appropriate best food, finally, your Body will reflect this.

 

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So what is a nicely rounded, nutritionally balanced Weight loss plan?

Diets come in all styles and sizes. Ordinary we read or listen about some other miracle Weight loss plan so that it will unfasten us the ones extra pounds, make us look one million dollars and so forth… Lamentably, most of these diets do now not work, at least now not for most people of folks that strive them. This is not constantly the fault of the Weight loss plan, however frequently This is day-to-day the reality that the celeb who is selling this Food plan has every day tally distinct lifestyle every day the one we’ve. They can manage to pay for everyday spend hours in the fitness center, have private running shoes and have the cash day-to-day the excessive satisfy day everyday ingredients, nutrients, herbs, etc.

every other component is time pressure. regularly it’s miles a loss of time that forestalls us from doing what we recognize we day-to-day be doing, however clearly do now not have the time daily do. Or will we?

In step with the AC Nielsen Co., the average American watches more than four hours of Tv every day! Now that is lots of time that could be invested in day-to-day extra effective sports.

So allow’s have a look at what you ought day daily be eating.

 

The primary thing is, do not pass on a Weight loss plan. Yes, it truly is right, do no longer pass on a Weight loss program. Instead look at what you are ingesting and make higher selections. First, everyday buying relatively processed ingredients like Tv dinners and so on, every day prevent buying junk food throughout the day every day have a brief lunch or maybe everyday alternative a valid breakfast. It does no longer take any further everyday cut up a banana and upload it day-to-day some herbal yogurt collectively with a few oats, nuts and grains, than it does daily get in day-to-day the queue at your local fast meals outlet. The satisfied day every day of food, however, is as distinctive as day and night time. The natural breakfast will provide you with a whole lot higher nutritional value than anything you could get from a fast food outlet.

Secondly, while doing your buying, recognition on buying fresh culmination and vegetables, organic if you like, but it truly is now not essential. attention on making food instead of shopping for them already made. Equipped made food has preservatives and different components you do no longer want and that may not be accurate for you. Persist with making the meals yourself. Take some of the Television time and make investments it for your health.

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Thirdly, it is better to your Frame every day consume small meals often instead of one huge meal at night time, as so many of us do. every day you do no longer want quite a few strength everyday sleep, however, you do want electricity day-to-day tackle your sports. it is, therefore, quality day-to-day devours the most important meal of the day inside the morning and decreasingly massive portions subsequently all through the day. Use sparkling end result and nuts day-to-day offer you with healthful, quick little snakes to be able to preserve you in the course of the day. Come dinner-time, make food which might be mild and smooth day-to-day digest. There are masses of books accessible with a view to offer you with recipes that are clean daily make, wholesome and of the high nutritional fee.

Sooner or later, keep this in thoughts while making ready meals. Use small portions of many meals. For example, day-to-day exceed 15 exceptional end result and vegetables each day. This does not imply you want every day to eat 15 pieces of fruit/vegetables, however Instead small portions of greater than 15 healthy meals. In a muesli as an instance, use rolled oats, dried or sparkling banana, apple, pears, berries, and different nuts including almonds, pecans, hazelnuts, walnuts, and a handful of pine seeds, raw oats, raisins, and sultanas. Then, when making your salad use plenty of various vegetables, don’t be an afraid everyday experiment. You spot how easy it far daily attains sort of over 15 extraordinary meals in absolutely everyone day. Further, bear in mind every day have fish 2 or 3 times every week.

Sure, it is a trade in the way you are used everyday doing things, but these sorts of adjustments are precisely what is wanted in case you want everyday gain that ‘Frame Stunning’. Are you organized every day pay the charge? If no longer, don’t trouble reading on. If Sure, then there are a few additional steps you may take every day bring you daily in which you need daily be.

Step 2 – Exercising

Err, I pay attention you say. not that again. I don’t have time daily visit the health club… I hate going every day the gymnasium… properly, so do I, however, Exercise is the only thing on the way to hold your Body fit and help you day-to-day obtain the bodily properly being. don’t go to the gym except you experience comfy in that environment and you want to be there. There are equally excellent methods you could get Workout all the way thru your day, without always taking a day trip to head and do Exercising.

How? clean. Park your vehicle a block or far away from the office, day-to-day, or in whichever you are going and stroll the more distance. you may likely find it simpler every day find a parking spot and this is reducing your pressure tires already.

On the workplace, walk over day-to-day a colleague in preference to sending them an electronic mail or texting them. Take the steps every day every day up in your workplace. while it comes time for lunch, take it, move outdoor and take a little walk.

At domestic, maybe you may cross for a stroll after dinner rather than watching the container or sit in front of the day-to-day. now not 3 hours, 30-forty mins are all you need every day help strengthen your cardiovascular machine. Your pores and skin will look healthier, your Frame will sense healthier and bet what, you may sincerely daily look more healthy every day. This is all you want every day do day-to-day get commenced. in case you need every day get more healthy and perhaps boom your muscle every day, you may need every day re-think the fitness center concept or a few different form of Exercising your experience. That is the important thing YOU every day enjoy THE Exercise different smart you’ll not continue daily do it for extremely lengthy and any little cause, not every day so it’ll be good enough.

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day-to-day take you a chunk of experimenting every day discover what form of Exercise you do like. perhaps it’s driving a motorbike, swimming, yoga, tai chi, bush strolling or mountain climbing. Or maybe it’s miles gambling a game which includes tennis, squash, football or whatever. They keys day-to-day find something you like doing, that manner it’s miles no longer Exercise it’s growing day every day an interest.

At this point, there’s some other sub-key, if you want and That is the ok consumption of water. Our bodies require 2 liters of water each and every day everyday characteristic commonly. If the Frame does not get 2 liters of water, it’ll day-to-day daily de-hydrated. Dehydration could be very subtle at instances and maybe not obvious daily you, however, you will daily get dry pores and skin, possibly emerge as everyday constipated and the Body will no longer like you for neglecting its needs. finally, it will day-to-day recognize one way or the alternative. So, don’t tempt it, deliver it what it wishes and make certain you consume at the least 2 liters of water each day, greater in case you do physical paintings or Exercising vigorously. day-to-day water helps everyday flush out pollution out of your Frame, which can be higher off out than in and you will experience higher for it.

Step three – skin care

Steps

 

Sure, skin care is critical. Your pores and skin are the defense among your outside environment and the internal of your Frame. It plays an essential function in protecting you from harmful materials and microbes and it assists in the elimination of pollution as well as in temperature law.

A day by day skin care regime is vital for a healthful, colorful look and day-to-day to be accompanied by ladies and men alike. I’ve covered this subject matter in the element in another article, which is entitled ‘daily pores and skin Care Regime – Why is an everyday skin Care Regime critical?’ but, allow me to reiterate the maximum essential steps. the key steps in an each day pores and skin care regime are Cleaning, Toning, and Moisturising. On a weekly basis you furthermore may need daily encompass exfoliation and probably the usage of a deep Cleansing clay mask every day rid your skin of immoderate dead skin cells and eliminate the deep-seated dirt lodged within the pores of your pores and skin.

A new examine sodium and blood stress
Moore and her crew took facts from 2,632 men and women aged between 30 and sixty-four years, who had been part of the Framingham Offspring Study – an offshoot of the Framingham Heart Study. All individuals had regular blood strain on the begin of the trial.

Over the 16-year observe-up duration, the researchers discovered that the participants who consumed beneath 2,500 milligrams of sodium every day had better blood stress than folks that ate up better portions of sodium.

The outcomes seem counterintuitive. As the authors write: “While we predicted nutritional sodium intake to be definitely related to both SBP [systolic blood pressure] and DBP [diastolic blood pressure], the alternative become located.”

Although the findings seem to kick against the popularity quo, they’re in line with different latest studies asking comparable questions. Research has shown that there’s a “J-shaped relationship” between cardiovascular threat and sodium. This approach that low-sodium diets and really high-sodium diets each deliver a higher danger of heartsickness.

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Health and beauty secrets and techniques subjects

Oily skin care

Oily pores and skin is the result of overactive sebaceous glands. A substance called sebum is secreted with the aid of those glands, generally, it’s far a healthy herbal lubricant for the skin but whilst it is secreted in excess it leads to oily skin. It makes the pores and skin become shiny, thick and dull. Oily pores and skin have coarse pores, acne, and other facial blemishes. Notice that oily pores and skin isn’t necessarily horrific as this pores and skin is less susceptible to wrinkling and different getting old symptoms and the oil facilitates to hold wished moisture locked inside the outermost layer of the pores and skin. Oily skin can also be because of other things together with being pregnant, start manage drugs, excessive or imbalanced hormone stages and modifications, diets, we use, and extraordinarily hot climate and so forth. Oily skin is common in teens due to hormonal shifts of early life, however, it can also arise at any age, however, oily pores and skin have an incredible benefit of growing older slowly than other skin types. Oily pores and skin can be cared for in such a lot of ways: get an excellent face cleanser or soap no longer harsh or heavy ones, use lightly medicated soaps, and don’t use cleansers that contain alcohol or artificial additives, also strive antibacterial cleaning creams and usually observe a natural oil loose moisturizer to maintain skin soft. The oily pores and skin also wish unique cleaning day and night with masses of heat water and slight cleaning soap to prevent clogged pores, harsh merchandise strips the pores and skin from oils and promotes dryness and this can reason skin to begin shrinking or wrinkling. continually make certain you moisturize pores and skin after cleansing with oil unfastened moisturizers to preserve a smake-supple and shine-free complexion.

A healthful consuming habit is likewise advocated when you have oily skin, for instance, an excessive amount of sugar, drinks, and salt are not good but ingredients rich in protein like roasted duck, meat or chook, salmon, tuna salad, 1st baron Beaverbrook, cheeseburger, milk fat, lamb and so on are properly selections for healthful eating. additionally absorb plenty of leafy green greens like spinach, cabbage and sparkling end result or sparkling herbal fruit juices, nutrients, iron make-supplement and other materials as they bring about your blood stage up totally with your device. Fats must also be decreased to your diet, keep away from animal Fat, warmth processed vegetable oils, beef, and exceedingly fried pro foods if feasible keep away from frying with all approach feasible. avoid candy juices, chocolate, alcoholic liquids and soft beverages and of route don’t forget to drink lots of water, use mineral water if viable, not faucet water to detoxify your device and keep skin properly hydrated. also to keep away from oily skin keep away from smoking because it damages the general Fitness of the pores and skin, sleep while you have to so the skins mobile restore hobby can take location, workout and devour properly to cleanse the pores and skin from within, a timely frame rubdown stimulates and rejuvenates the body and pores and skin. In case you comply with the commands you could make sure of getting an awesome skin in spite of it being oily.

 

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skin toning

As we grow old our pores and skin has a tendency to lose its elasticity and firmness and begins to sag, subsequently the need to take good enough care of your skin while you are younger and as you grow older this is when the issue of pores and skin toning is available in. As human beings become old the body device produces less quantity of collagen which may be as compared to the quantity of collagen while the body became more youthful. If the amount of collagen is less then this ends in wrinkles and sagging pores and skin, this in flip is regular due to the fact consequentially no quantity of anti-toning cream one applies can make a difference as time is going on but it’s far really useful to preserve an amazing food plan and take absolute care of 1’s pores and skin so the procedure of getting old and sagging will take a longer time to have an impact on the frame. firming of the skin is normally performed whilst right care is taken to your face, neck and your frame, also it’s far necessary to devour an eating regimen full of sparkling fruits and lots of fiber due to the fact the antioxidant in them is needed to maintain and guard our healthful skin. pores and skin toning does not want an awful lot pressure as herbal ingredients needed can be without difficulty available and are greater efficiency, for instance: scrub the body with caffeine grounds, the caffeine in espresso can assist company the pores and skin and reduce the arrival of cellulite or you could make use of clay blended with water which lifts and tighten the pores and skin, you can also use egg whites, it’s miles a herbal astringent for pores and skin lifting, observe whisked egg to the face and neck and leave for 15 minutes then rinse off, it really works like magic. The juice from aloe leaf also can be used to restore wrinkles and company the skin by way of washing your skin at night time and making use of the extract then leaving it directly to do its work at the same time as you sleep, it is a good makeup exfoliator. Rosewater can also be used as a home treatment, rosewater is full of nutrition B, E, and okay, and it make-superb cleaning astringent as it wipes away lightly the dirt and oil even as nourishing the pores and skin. you can also strive to moisturize with natural emollient coconut oil, this exfoliates the outer layer of a lifeless pores and skin while protecting it and moisturizing it and making it more impregnable, smoother and stronger, lastly an aggregate of milk and honey, milk has lactic acid that’s a natural exfoliant packed with vitamins and softener which helps in peeling the top layer of the skin at the same time as honey is a herbal antibacterial and antiseptic agent that can assist cleanse and shrink the pores while toning it. don’t forget that to maintain a healthful pores and skin exercising is also compulsory due to the fact it’s far every other manner of toning make-up the skin specifically the face, do you know that there are over forty muscular tissues inside the face and with the aid of shifting them and exercising them you are improving your facial skin hence the saying that “a smile makes you look more youthful but a frown makes your face grow older”.

skin tones

The human pores and skin color can range from black to nearly colorless, and human skin tones vary from darkish brown to almost colorless pigmentation due to blood inside the pores and skin. The melanin that produces the darker tone of the human pores and skin serves as a light clear out to shield the pores and skin from an excessive amount of UV rays getting beneath it as this causes sunburns and it did make-up the synthesis of precursors vital to make the human DNA, however, Notice that humans need at the least a minimum quantity of UV mild to penetrate the pores and skin and convey vitamin D critical for building and preserving the bones inside the human body. weight-reduction plan rich in diet D which include fish and salmon is also had to maintain an awesome pores and skin tone. There are numerous ways of preserving a fair pores and skin tone and usually, it calls for sports or maybe accomplished clearly. Your skin tone can both be even or uneven. choppy skin tones may be due to a selection of motives, it is able to be bodily response to light or hormonal imbalances, humans with oily skin can also have choppy skin tone, pregnant girls are also possible to have choppy pores and skin tone because of the extra estrogen that causes melanin make-supply at a far higher rate but that is sincerely no cause for alarm as the hassle disappears after childbirth. Coping with uneven pores and skin tone may be accomplished by sporting dark sun shades, using creams and basis powder oil creams with sunscreen, UVA or UVB safety, also you want to ensure right pores and skin protection by way of exfoliating the pores and skin regularly the usage of tender sponge and slight cleaning soap or an exfoliating towel and facial scrub made for your pores and skin kind, do no longer go away make-makeup on face while going to bed at night time in order for skin to regenerate. it’s miles usually really helpful to tone your pores and skin evidently but if you have to apply firming lotions then be cautious of merchandise that make outlandish fantastic claims and of route do not assume in a single day magic, find out clients critiques and opinion on the product, remember the fact that you are simply trying to take care of your skin no longer to make the beaunatural natural beauty corporation richer. uneven pores and skin tone may be due to exceptional problems that people face like publicity to immoderate solar, eating regimen and vitamin deficiencies, age, pressure, fatigue, pigmentation trouble and different commonplace unavoidable matters that is why keeping yourself hydrated has loads to do with the way your pores and skin seems. but on account that no one can stop developing vintage it is important to appoint natural techniques to your skin to live toned and wholesome, avoid losing weight unexpectedly, keep away from yo-yo weight-reduction plan, alternative water for alcohol unfastened liquids, avoid drinks with caffeine and too much sugar. Do sufficient physical games to tighten makeup the skin and employ firming beds as they isolate sure muscle tissue and tighten them by means of transferring them barely to receive most toning benefits. you may additionally use a system that offers a gentle vibrating movement across the frame as this increases circulation and loosens extra water and pollutants within the body.

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Beauty

skin peel is an autosomal recessive ailment that can be critical or un-serious but in most cases unserious and a completely unattractive phenomenon for both men and women, it may be due to an immensely dry pores and skin or sunburn or the end result of a pores and skin disease or infection so it is better to take proper and normal care of your pores and skin with a purpose to avoid your pores and skin peeling altogether, as with any healthy Splendor habitual fending off sunburn and consuming lots of water plays a small function in retaining your pores and skin so as, go to a dermatologist if you have persistent peeling pores and skin or peeling skin syndrome this is recurrent, always use hydrating mask 2 or 3 times per week, moisturize your pores and skin regularly, practice aloe Vera to help nourish the skin and employ natural remedies which include honey, mint juice, olive oil to keep pores and skin hydrated and smooth. Some medical situations like dry and flaky skin, skin rashes, blisters, eczema also can cause the pores and skin to peel. Traits of peeling pores and skin need to always be referred to as Some medicines can motive skin to peel, as an example, airol lotions and creams, maloprim, daraprim, Retin-A and other zits medicines. The word that when you have extraordinarily dry pores and skin your skin is greater at risk of a peel. Solving of this problem consists of separating the motive of the scenario, stop the use of harsh soaps, detergents and fragrances and any product that irritates your skin or anti-bacterial skin products, continually eliminate useless pores and skin by way of exfoliation but no immoderate exfoliation, employ hand and foot lotions and use excessive moisturizer like shea butter, guard your pores and skin against severe temperatures and so forth. you may additionally use merchandise like the skin tradition peel; it is a powerful, six-day facial peeling remedy that enables rejuvenate the surface of the skin. It creates a smooth and managed dropping of several layers of pores and skin cells, which allows the brand new layers to be exposed, and generates a new, radiant tone and texture to the floor of the pores and skin. It is easy to use and may be used inside the consolation of your own home. All it calls for is 90 mins an afternoon for 6 days. It improves great traces, pimples scarring, age spots, massive pores, hyperpigmentation, solar harm, blackheads, uneven pores and skin tone and other complexion troubles. you can additionally use a chemical peel, this is a frame treatment technique used to enhance and clean the feel of the facial pores and skin the usage of a chemical solution that reasons the useless skin to slough off and in the end, peel off. The regenerated pores and skin are normally smoother and much less wrinkled than the old pores and skin. Hence the time period chemical peel is derived. A few sorts of chemical peels can be purchased and administered without a clinical license, but humans are cautioned to are looking for expert help from a dermatologist, plastic medical professional, or otolaryngologist on a particular sort of chemical peel before a manner is achieved. Chemical Deep Peeling has a checkered history. One of the maximum a success practitioners of this form of peel turned into Cora Galenti who practiced in Hollywood inside the Nineteen Forties and later in Mexico Metropolis.

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Dry pores and skin remedy

Dry skin is a situation regarding the integumentary gadget, which in most instances can safely be handled with emollients and/or moisturizers. Dry pores and skin are most common on the scalp, lower legs, hands, the knuckles, the sides of the stomach and thighs. Signs which can be most related to dry skin involve scaling (the seen peeling of the outer skin layer), itching and cracks in the skin. Dry pores and skin is a totally commonplace condition. It occurs more regularly inside the wintry weather wherein the bloodless air outdoor and the recent air internal creates a low relative humidity. This reasons the pores and skin to lose moisture and it is able to crack and peel. Bathing or hand washing too often, especially if one is using harsh soaps, may additionally make a contribution to dry pores and skin, dry pores and skin also can be as a result of a deficiency of vitamin A, vitamin D, systemic infection, excessive sunburn, or Some medicinal drug. To treat your dry skin, you must wash your face no more than two times a day with a gentle cleanser formulated for dry skin, keep in mind the basics: Drink as a minimum eight glasses of water an afternoon to maintain your skin nicely hydrated; devour a  weight loss plan rich in fruits and vegetables; and limit sun exposure, upload some teaspoons of olive oil or lavender-scented oil on your bath, take short baths or showers and use heat in preference to hot water. Try and restrict showers and baths to at least one in step with day, use cleaning soap handiest wherein you need it, consisting of in your underarms and groin, follow moisturizers at the same time as your pores and skin is still damp, search for elements consisting of glycerin, alpha hydroxy acids, urea and lactic acids (binders), mixed with petrolatum, lanolin or silicone derivatives, and constantly pat your skin dry after washing. keep away from rubbing your self-dry with a towel, that could whisk away crucial oils wished for moisture. In case you are one of those who have extraordinarily dry, wrinkled and crackly pores and skin around the eyes that makes you look worn-out and aged, then you definitely need to discover the option to this problem on the earliest. The variety of human beings experiencing dryness in the skin around the eyes is increasing in recent times; dry pores and skin across the eyes are brought on because of a big wide variety of reasons. some of them consist of: Sleep deprivation, strain, loss of nutritious foods, eye associated issues, getting old and consistent looking at the laptop display or tv. make certain you put on shades while you step out in the solar. observe a dark circle gel or any eye gel each time you reveal yourself to the out of doors world. ensure your weight-reduction plan is wholesome and nutritious, skin products aimed at moisturizing other elements of the frame may not be useful for the attention because the pores and skin underneath the attention are extraordinarily skinny and carries few oil glands. Accordingly, use only those pores and skin lotions and eye gels that cater to the eye. Petroleum jelly is the most popular choice on this path. Propolis, another substance wealthy in nutrients is right for each man and women. but, it’s miles maximum really useful to apply petroleum jelly to children.

Change secrets Beauty make-up delivery

A Change mystery may additionally encompass any method, sample, tool or compilation of facts that are used in a business, and which may also make-supply an advantage over competitors who do now not know the Trade secret. An Exchange secret can be a formula for a chemical compound, a technique of manufacturing, treating or retaining substances, a pattern for a machine or different device, or even a list of clients. Change secrets are extraordinary from different enterprise secrets, for example, the amount or different phrases of a mystery bid for a settlement or the salary of positive personnel, or the safety investments made or contemplated, or the rate constant for the declaration of a brand new policy or for bringing out a brand new version. A Change key is a system or tool for continuous use inside the operations of the commercial enterprise. Normally Exchange secrets should do with the production of goods, as an example, a system or components for the production of an editorial. but, an Alternate secret is probably the code for figuring out discounts, rebates or other concessions in a charge list or catalog, or a list of specialized clients, or a technique of bookkeeping or different office management. In trendy terms, Change secrets encompass inventions, ideas, or compilations of records which can be utilized by a commercial enterprise to make it more successful. In particular, Change secrets include any useful method, plan, sample, technique, program, device, approach, mechanism, compound, or tool that isn’t always Generally recognized or effortlessly ascertainable by way of the public. Whatever kind of facts is represented by using an Exchange mystery, a commercial enterprise has to take reasonable steps to shield it from disclosure. The proprietor of a Change secret has the different right to its use and amusement. Like every other belonging right, an Alternate mystery may be sold, assigned, certified, or in any other case used for pecuniary gain. As regards natural beauty make makeup Change secrets and techniques help in controlling and maintaining the standards of any unique industry in the natural beauty marketplace. Inner natural beauty is the biggest of all herbal health and Beauty secrets and techniques, expand your Internal self and the herbal natural beauty can have a base from which to grow and flourish, spend time together with your skin, there genuinely is no thriller to the Splendor, enhance your Health in body and mind, increase your Internal individual, find natural options to attain beautiful hair and skin look higher, the popular Splendor tips and Splendor secrets and techniques continually been especially favored by ladies of every age – after all it’s miles outstanding searching. Although considerable Splendor products on the market cover the basics of natural beauty – looking stunning isn’t always luxurious, pay attention to Some tricks and Splendor secrets and techniques and you’ll possibly save time. if you have dry skin, oily pores, and skin or regular pores and skin, a moisturizer is one fabricated from pores and skin care that everyone can find the money for to apply, a gentle cleaner before the usage of a moisturizer is usually recommended although, moisturizers additionally assist care for getting older wrinkles and save you untimely getting old, the moisture element is infused into your skin and the pores of the skin is hydrated, refreshed and rejuvenated.

The splendor delusion How Do ladies virtually feel approximately Their seems?

In 1991, Naomi Wolf published The Beauty Myth detailing her understanding on how women continue to be oppressed throughout society for the benefit of men.

Wolf argued that the instigation and use of the myth of beauty would be men’s ultimate weapon against women and their perceived rising power.

Women continue to face blockades in the workplace due to the political and systemic use of beauty to define worth. Although men define the ideology of beauty, the demarcation of beauty is not defined thereby leaving the female confused about her own feelings of self.

This allows big corporations to levy unfairly the work that women do increase their revenue whilst enriching both female expenditure and manageability. This has, in turn, reduced the female’s self-esteem, a powerful tool for control.

Naomi Wolf wrote this book in 1991 following both the first and second wave of feminisms. Are we embarking upon the third wave of feminism? Many skeptics of feminism report that the previously overwhelming injustice towards women and their cries that created and sustained Women’s Rights movements have now been diluted to a mere whimper. Is there any truth to this statement?

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I want to use this article to examine what if any changes have happened since 1991 and how women’s lives may or may not have changed.

Women have always been necessary to the workplace even if not respected for cosmetology equipment list

their contribution. Latent history informs us that due to the First World War (WW1) in 1914 -18, women were necessary to move out of the home where they worked to fulfill the employment gap due to men being at war. When the war ended, women did not naturally want to give up this level of financial independence and return to the home. Cross-referencing historical information, the fight for Women’s Rights began much earlier, therefore, women were already aware of the injustices towards them thereby informing of the reluctance to ‘return to the home.’ In 1848, 68 women and 32 men outlined grievances towards women including women having the right to vote and signed a Declaration of Sentiments in New York. It was in 1872 that saw the national movement begin in the UK in the form of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage and later the more influential National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. Without this cross-referencing, one would be forgiven for mistaking that up until WW1 in 1914, women were not knowledgeable about their unjust treatment towards them.

 

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With the knowledge that women did indeed know that they were being treated unfairly and that they actually felt strong enough to take action in different forms showed both tenacity and strength; words that were not used to describe women at all. Since 1991, what has changed to strengthen Women’s Rights to be more equal to men?

Not much in my opinion from the viewpoint of entry-level top careers for women although according to a recent research carried out by Astbury Marsden, they found that this year has seen an increase of 100% of women in management positions. This equates to 12% overall from 6% overall last year. We should be grateful! salon supplies for licensed cosmetologists What about the significant pay gaps between men and women for equal jobs? Well, according to Dr. Carla Harris from the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA), the gap is widening, currently, for every dollar, a man makes, his female counterpart earns 82 cents. I doubt very much that you will find a noticeable difference in the UK. In fact, upon research, women earned 15% less than men. Is this gap made worse in poor economic times?

So not much has changed in terms of respect for females and the contribution they make in society and for society. Not much in terms of how females are viewed, mostly negatively and for sexual pleasures. However what is more startling (perhaps an over-exaggeration) is that although there have always been women ‘night-workers’ (prostitutes), women appear to be engaging in their own war against themselves. Let me put this into perspective about this internal war going on with women. Notwithstanding the ‘glamour’ needed for night workers to attract for work, women are now using this same concept for their self-esteem. Not that those women did not care for their looks previously, as their grooming ritual is natural in attracting a mate. However, because of the Beauty Myth, the natural birthing process of grooming for a mate has become blurred, confusing and instills a lack of confidence in a female. The precocious instigation of the Beauty Myth undertaken by men but calculatingly not clearly defined (Naomi Wolf) has left women attempting to attain not just the indescribable but the unattainable as beauty is left open for interpretation by the beholder (men).women

What has been the result?

Financial contributions to cosmetic, diet and surgery have all seen a surge in willing captors, all seeking this beauty myth and all rather quite despondent when they realize that the goalposts keep shifting. Cosmetic companies revel in ascribing what their latest product is and how wonderfully powerful some ingredient is, now contained in their product. I mean, who on earth really heard of Pentapeptide, let alone researched what it did before buying the product?

Companies such as those in the cosmetic industry rely on the poor self-esteem of women to direct their products to. Women in return respond in an impassioned grab for the ‘miracle’ product that will stave off or at least slow down the aging process. Women are made to feel that they no longer visually please and according to Wolf, companies can take steps in removing the female from her role in the workplace in favor of a younger model. Remember Miriam O’Reilly winning her claim against the BBC for what she alleges being dismissed on ageism and victimisation grounds? A second-rate victory because she did not win on the grounds of sexism. What this tells me is what Wolf already identified in her book, that it is very difficult for a woman to claim against sex discrimination as the lawfully supports what it calls a BFOQ (bona fide occupational qualification- USA) or the UK’s version of GOQ (genuine occupational qualification- Wolf). What this means is that a company may dismiss a woman if they feel that she does not measure up to their ideology of beauty. Now, remember, this level of beauty is not defined and what would this really say? As beauty is in the eye of the beholder (self) is it not?

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A new examine sodium and blood stress
Moore and her crew took facts from 2,632 men and women aged between 30 and sixty-four years, who had been part of the Framingham Offspring Study – an offshoot of the Framingham Heart Study. All individuals had regular blood strain on the begin of the trial.

Over the 16-year observe-up duration, the researchers discovered that the participants who consumed beneath 2,500 milligrams of sodium every day had better blood stress than folks that ate up better portions of sodium.

The outcomes seem counterintuitive. As the authors write: “While we predicted nutritional sodium intake to be definitely related to both SBP [systolic blood pressure] and DBP [diastolic blood pressure], the alternative become located.”

Although the findings seem to kick against the popularity quo, they’re in line with different latest studies asking comparable questions. Research has shown that there’s a “J-shaped relationship” between cardiovascular threat and sodium. This approach that low-sodium diets and really high-sodium diets each deliver a higher danger of heartsickness.

Many people within the United States sit down within the middle of this curve, in which the cardiovascular risk is at

The tribunal for Miriam O’Reilly was held on the 4-19th November 2010, 19 years after Wolf’s publication, therefore, women are still demonstrably being targeted and treated according to how they look and not what talents they may have in the workplace. So no real progress here then!

Next time you go shopping, look out for the number of different beauty products. Be aware of the amount of time and energy that commercials use to sell you their copious amounts of products and the images they use. The use of anti-wrinkle creams on models probably not even yet 20 years old yet. Why on earth they need anti-wrinkle cream is beyond me. Next, these kinds of adverts will be shown using a 13-year-old!

Now, look at grounded products such as lipsticks. Now you can get ones that last all day. In fact, you need another product to get the lipstick off because normal cleanser and water does not always work. Companies have to keep re-inventing the wheel to keep their profits up so their imagination runs riot and comes up with all sorts of products all doing the same thing but differently. Women fall for this; just take a look at her make up bag, products of the same but different thing, hardly used due to the copious amounts.

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What about products containing a certain ingredient that will ‘benefit’ perceived ‘bags’ under the eyes. Do you really think that by buying this product will alleviate ‘baggy eyes’? Why should it, because if it did then you would have to stop buying the product once you have been cured? So companies use only enough to make a slight difference and you have to keep re-buying to secure better results. I imagine companies laughing at women as they stand far at the side of the room throwing in the magic ingredient (that is to say how offensively low the ingredient is in terms of weight and productivity). Now, I am not saying that a particular ingredient does not work, for example, caffeine. However, following your lovely cup of tea, you could quite easily reconstitute the teabag and put this on your eyes. Probably has more caffeine in the teabag than in the expensive product you buy.

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Let us look at how other companies have cashed in on the creation of poor self-esteem in women. An ostentatious amount of money is spent by females on diet products in the hope that the ‘extra’ pounds they think they are carrying will disappear leaving the female with a sense of acceptance and perceived beauty. The sugars used in many foods are replaced with a substitute that is less calorific. To me, this is just a lot of useless chemicals being pumped into the body and for no real gain. Processed sugars are not good for anyone in huge amounts and a wise thing for health purposes would be to reduce your intake not substitute this with something that requires the body to work harder to break it down if it is able to use at all.

For research purposes, I typed in ‘what effect does artificial sugars have on the body?’ and I did not have to look far too clearly see the dangers of artificial sweeteners. According to author Marcelle Pick, (Obstetrician and Gynecologist) she speaks openly about being properly informed of possible side effects of sweeteners. I will not mention the company as I do not wish to give them any form of exposure but you can do your own research. This particular name brand is the trade name for Sucralose; a synthetic compound stumbled upon in 1976 by scientists in Britain seeking a new pesticide formation. (Marcelle Pick) What this company did was twist the sugar component of their product by citing the ‘natural sugar’ aspect. Yet more importantly, did you catch the word ‘pesticide?’

Now we go into cosmetic surgery. This phenomenon has increased tenfold since the 1970’s. Now you can book a botox in your lunch hour and be back to work. The lackadaisical procedure should be seen as worrying and not that companies are seeking to make life easier for women to attain this face stiffening procedure. Remember the poor actress infamously known for her ‘trout pout?’ I will leave this here to save her blushes! The point I am making is some of these procedures are downright dangerous yet women are still clambering to risk life or limb.

We do not have to search our brains too hard to recall some other poor soul who underwent breast surgery to enlarge her already natural assets and perceptually ended up looking misplaced. The female body is perfect as it stands and whilst some females may have to undergo a surgical procedure on medical grounds, this should not be confused with the female body, being nature at its finest.

Women are undergoing all sorts of procedures in an attempt to gain the unattainable body. Bum enhancements, face lifts, eye lifts, neck lifts (anything that is deemed lift-up-able), nose adjustments, liposuction on any part of the body and do not get me started with lace fronted weaves or extensions. The woman spends a great deal of time and money on products and services to achieve the ideology of beauty and remembers this perceived beauty is undefined. So what this means, is they end up chasing a mirage that disintegrates the moment they think that they are now acceptable. This results in a cyclical pattern in women dabbling in metamorphosis, re-inventing something else to feed that ever-growing pit in lost souls leading to other behavioral and emotional difficulties.

If you look at the objective of The Beauty Myth, the power is monumental and the devastation that this myth leaves behind is great news for those instigating this concept for nothing more than mind-control over women. This concept reminds me of the Lynch (Willie Lynch) method; create a divide and rule mask, in this case, in women.

My name is Marcia Hibbert-Roye, qualified Social Worker and Life Coach. I work as a Strategic Lead Develop for Women. My specialism is developing emotional awareness in females. I have devised a 6 Step Program that promotes good emotional health by accessing information held in the subconscious mind to the conscious mind. The result is having more control over thoughts, feelings, and behavior.

Visit the website for great motivational cards for females that will support during difficult times or just to say ‘You’re worth it.’ We have cards designed at the younger female especially as she is navigating through puberty.

The Mad guys remark of the opposite girl

Joan and Peggy. These two have been the subject of much contrasting over five seasons of Mad Men, and this week’s episode, titled The Other Woman, casts their differences in the sharpest relief yet.

That title – The Other Woman – refers to a mistress, which is how Don and his creative team think of Jaguar. As he explains it to Megan, “The Jaguar is beautiful, but unreliable. It comes with a toolkit the size of a typewriter. You basically have to have another car to go places. What we’re saying is it’s your gorgeous mistress.” Megan is not impressed. “So, a wife is like a Buick in the garage?” “We’re trying to make a weakness into a strength. We’re selling to men,” Don explains. “No, I get it. Doesn’t being a mistress make the car immoral?” Megan asks. “The word ‘mistress’ won’t be in the ad,” Don says. To Don, this is simply a metaphor, but for Megan, it’s a reminder of Don’s past, and it stirs her insecurities.

The episode gives us other mistresses, second-place women who are looking to make it in a man’s world and are thus making the weakness of femininity into a strength. We’re talking about Joan and Peggy and the wildly diverging paths that each takes to a better position and what they’re wiling to trade to get there. And though each is able to leverage herself to a new plateau, in the end, one will feel like a trap, while the other, though terrifyingly unknown, will feel like flying.

And in the middle of all of this is Don Draper, whose great victory will be tinged with bitterness and loss.

The episode opens with Don, Stan, Ginsberg, and some freelancers huddled up in the conference room, struggling to come up with a big idea for the Jaguar campaign. They’ve decorated one wall of the room with various photos and icons, designed to inspire. But it’s not working.

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Peggy catches Don in hallway, and asks him to approve some copy for Secor Laxatives, but he’s in a rotten mood and brushes her off, telling her she’s in charge of everything other than Jaguar and to make a decision. It’s a great vote of confidence, but in life it’s not so much the message, but how it’s delivered that counts.

As this exchange is wrapping, Joan shows up with a fancy lunch – lobster – that is wheeled into the conference room courtesy of Roger Sterling. The men applaud as the covers are removed from the trays. Peggy watches this from the other side of the glass wall that separates her from the big time action.

While Don and the creatives tackle the look and feel of the campaign, Pete and Ken work on the politics of the campaign, securing it against some formidable competition. This includes wining and dining guys like Herb Rennet (Gary Basaraba), the president of the Jaguar dealer’s association. Herb plays his cards close to the chest, until the end of the meal, when Pete assures him that SCDP will do whatever it takes to make him happy. Seeing his opportunity, Herb tells them that there is one thing that will certainly help them win his vote – a night with Joan Harris. A night in bed with Joan Harris. In a show filled with slimy guys and shady deals, this is a new depth. Luckily, Ken Cosgrove is at the table, but just as he’s about to inform Herb that Joan is married, Pete cuts him off.

Herb excuses himself for a moment, and while he’s away, Ken asks Pete why he didn’t tell Herb the truth about Joan, rather than lead him on. Pete says that Herb himself is married, knows that Joan is married, and doesn’t care about either. Ken is disgusted at this. “Well, we wanted to be in the car business,” he says, lighting a cigarette.

Don arrives home from work to learn that Megan has a big audition the next day. She’s nervous and needing support, but she shifts the attention to Don, asking him what he planned on doing. “I was just going to watch Carson and cry myself to sleep,” he says, giving her a hangdog look. She tells him not to worry, that he’ll think of something. He says that maybe she’ll think of something, inviting her to help. She goes along, and asks for the strategy. That’s when he tells her about the Jaguar being like a beautiful, high-maintenance other’s or others mistress.

These two have been tiptoeing through a minefield these last few episodes, each always on the verge of saying or doing the wrong thing to set off an argument. This time it’s Don who gets under Megan’s skin, but rather than fight, she simply retreats to the living room, leaving him with Johnny Carson and his drink.

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The next morning, Pete shows up early and corners Joan in her office. “I got bad news last night,” he tells her. “And I hoped you’d help me deliver it.” Like it was her responsibility.

Joan, being the gossip she is, is all ears, and Pete takes his time building up to the ask. “I don’t know what to do,” he says. “It turns out he wanted something we’re not prepared to give. Something very unorthodox.” “What does he want?” Joan asks. “We’re going to lose Jaguar unless an arrangement is made between you and him,” Pete says. Joan is shocked, but Pete piles insult on top of insult. “If you can think of some way to break this to the company, I’d appreciate it.”

This launches Joan on the offensive, and she reminds Pete of her marital status and what an asshole he is. He simply throws up his hands, saying it’s Herb bringing this up and not him – the don’t-shoot-the-messenger defense.

The scene is like a boxing match, and Pete counters Joan’s moral outrage by being the amoral pragmatist. He brings up the idea that we all make mistakes in life – mistakes that don’t get us anything. They’re free. Well, this is a mistake that could help her tremendously. She could get paid from this mistake.

“You’re talking prostitution,” Joan says. “I’m talking about business at a very high level,” Pete counters, sounding like the devil himself.

Pete goes for his knockout punch – the offer of power. “Do you think Cleopatra was a prostitute?” he asks. “She was a queen,” he continues. “What would it take to make you a queen?” “I don’t think you could afford it,” Joan says.

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Round 1 – Joan Harris.

Next, we find Peggy and Ken in Harry’s office. They’re about to get on a conference call with Chevalier Blanc, who wants to pull their Beatles-inspired campaign. Harry asks if Peggy will pose as Ginsberg’s assistant (Ginsberg can’t be pulled away from Jaguar), but Peggy absolutely refuses, making Harry introduce her as Ginsberg’s supervisor, which he does.

When they get on the call, Harry and Ken start off talking, but soon the hot potato is tossed in Peggy’s lap, and she improvises a compelling new campaign, set in France with a Lady Godiva theme that the buyer from Chevalier Blanc loves.

Score one for Peggy – she maintains her dignity and saves the account in one call.

Pete gathers the partners together to tell them the news about the dinner with Herb Rennet and his demand. At first blush, all the men are shocked by this news and make a show of being outraged, but after Pete does the math for them, their moral outrage elasticizes, allowing for the proper rationalizations to be made that will allow them to sleep at night.

Bert simply gives way. Roger says he’ll go along, but he won’t pay for it. Lane makes a weak stand, telling Pete he has some nerve. “that’s right,” Pete says. “We’ve gone too far to walk away…over what?” It’s a chilling remark, but Lane folds. It comes down to Don, who is no stranger to misogyny. He’s against the proposal, but for mixed reasons. He’s disgusted by the blatant filth and arrogance of the demand, but he also has his pride mixed up in his reasons. He thinks they can win despite Herb, based on the strength of his and his team’s ideas. He wants to win the business fair and square or not at all. But Pete won’t back down. Don states his position, and leaves to return to his work.

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With Don gone, Pete does the math for the remaining partners, reminding them that they don’t need Don’s blessing to do this. “So, we’re 75% of this company. There’s no need to create a conspiracy by having a vote, is there?” Like Pontius Pilate, they wash their hands of Pete while giving him their blessing to pursue Joan for the deal. One by one, they slink out of the office.

Back in the writer’s room, Don tells the guys to abandon the mistress concept. “It’s vulgar. We’re going back to racing heritage,” he informs them, feeling not only the weight of what he’s just witnessed, but the sting of Megan’s judgment from before – that this is immoral.

A new examine sodium and blood stress
Moore and her crew took facts from 2,632 men and women aged between 30 and sixty-four years, who had been part of the Framingham Offspring Study -six six women  an offshoot of the Framingham Heart Study. All individuals had regular blood strain on the begin of the trial.

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Over the 16-year observe-up duration, the researchers discovered that the participants who consumed beneath 2,500 milligrams of sodium every day had better blood stress than folks that ate up better portions of sodium.

The outcomes seem counterintuitive. As the authors write: “While we predicted nutritional sodium intake to be definitely related to both SBP [systolic blood pressure] and DBP [diastolic blood pressure], the alternative become located.”

Although the findings seem to kick against the popularity quo, they’re in line with different latest studies asking comparable questions. Research has shown that there’s a “J-shaped relationship” between cardiovascular threat and sodium. This approach that low-sodium diets and really high-sodium diets each deliver a higher danger of heartsickness.

Many people within the United States sit down within the middle of this curve, in which the cardiovascular risk is at

So, just when Don is looking like Mr. Sensitive, in walks Harry, Ken, and Peggy, to tell him of the good news about Chevalier Blanc. It’s interesting that so much of the time, Don’s miscommunications with Peggy and even Pete come when they approach him right after some stress-inducing incident. Such is the case here.

They tell Don that Peggy has saved the day with a brilliant idea. Peggy plays the humble card, but there’s no need. Don doesn’t really hear a word they say, until Peggy gets snippy with him. He bursts her bubble by reminding her that it’s Ginsberg’s account, which causes her to fire back with “I guess I’m not in charge of everything else after all,” which is a call-back to his earlier sarcasm. This causes him to explode on her, in front of Harry and Ken. “You want to go to France?” he asks, yelling and pulling a wad of money from his pocket. “Here! Go to France!” he says, throwing the money in her face. It’s an unconscionable move, and it sends her out of the office, followed closely by Ken and then Harry.

But ain’t that the way life is? One minute, you’re the hero, and then you turn around and you’re the world’s biggest asshole.

And the same goes for Peggy. Ken follows her to her office, where she assures him that she’s not crying. When he tells her he didn’t think that she was, she gets nasty with him, asking “What? Suddenly, we’re all interested in each other’s lives?” Megan was right about them. They’re SO jaded.

Ken ignores the insult and tries to soften the blow by telling her that Jaguar is slipping away, and that Don is feeling the pinch. Peggy says she doesn’t care. Ken, who’s turned into one of the only decent men on the show, tells her he’ll get her to France, and if he doesn’t then they’ll leave together. She fixes him with a condescending look. “You and your stupid pact,” she says. “Save the fiction for your stories.” Ken says nothing. He just turns and leaves her there. Alone.

Lane may have given up in front of the partners, but he decides to pay Joan a visit, to give her an idea. When he brings up the demand, she is offended by the intrusion, misinterpreting his motives. Of course, his motives are as much self-serving as they are altruistic, but he does show her a way to become a queen. He points out that a payoff will not do much for her or her son’s future, but if she were to push for a partnership and 5% of the company, then she’d be looking out for their future for a very long time.

There’s a moment of great irony in the scene. When Joan still thinks that Lane is in it only for the company, she points out that she makes around $13,000 a year. “I guess you wouldn’t even be tempted,” she tells him, not realizing, of course, that he’s been tempted and seduced by $8,000.

That night, as Don and his team pull a late-night writing session, they are visited by Megan and her friend Julia, the redhead whom Megan was helping audition for Dark Shadows a couple of episodes ago.

As Megan takes Don back to his office, for a little pre-audition hanky-panky to boost her confidence, Julia entertains the writers by climbing on the conference room table and crawling across it on all fours, growling and clawing at the men like a jaguar. I couldn’t help but feel that, with her red hair, and the way she was shot from behind, with her butt hanging out of her panties, she was meant to be a stand-in for Joan, that it was a commentary on her role in this ecosystem – the sex kitten.

At home, Pete reads to his daughter before retreating to his hi-fi system, where he listens to classical music under a pair of headphones. Trudy comes to him, once their daughter is in bed, and he starts griping about how he was in a good mood when he left work, but the long trip home exhausts him. He informs her that once the Jaguar account is landed, he’ll have to get an apartment in the city, to which she says absolutely not.

“It’s an epic poem to get home, and you’re dressed for bed at dinner,” he complains. She tells him that his love affair with Manhattan has to end. “How can you stand living out in this cemetery?” he asks her. “There’s not any good night noises anywhere.” She ends the argument by telling him that she wants to raise her children in the fresh air.

It’s funny how at work, he can get people to do the most immoral acts, but at home, he wields none of that influence.

Another fruitless domestic argument takes place at the Draper residence when Megan tells Don that she’s gotten a call back for Little Murders, the play she needed the confidence for. At first, Don is happy, but when he learns that Megan will be traveling to Boston for out of town tryouts for a few months, he tells her to forget it. This lights the fuse to a big fight that ends with her telling Don that she’s doing it anyway and storming off.

The next morning, Joan meets with Pete to discuss the arrangement. She wears a stunning brown dress with a collar done in a print – tiger…or jaguar – that provides a call-back to Megan’s friend Julia.

Joan is all business with Pete. She gives him her terms, exactly as Lane advised, and when he starts to protest, she cuts him off. After a beat, he agrees.

As she gets up to leave, she pauses at the door to ask which one he is. “He’s not bad,” Pete assures her. “He’s doing this,” she says, then leaves.

Later, Ginsberg interrupts Don in his office to bounce an idea off him. “I know I’m not a manager,” Ginsberg says. “But it’s hard to get things done with you in another room.” “Well, I obviously have the opposite feeling,” Don says. “Permission to speak freely,” Ginsberg says. “What?” Don is frustrated by him, but it’s a funny scene that builds to a breakthrough.

Ginsberg can’t quit thinking about the mistress angle, and he drops a line on Don. “Jaguar, at last, something beautiful you can truly own.” Don takes a beat, closes his eyes, and sighs a sigh of relief, signifying that at last, the words have been found on which the campaign will be built. Don’s relief is palpable.

At about the same time, Peggy is having lunch with Freddie Rumsen, always a welcome sight. She vents to one who knows about the peculiarities of working for Don Draper. “I can never tell, Ballerina, if you’re ambitious or if you like to complain,” he tells her. She wonders why she can’t do both.

During the course of their conversation, Freddie gives her a ton of sound advice, reminding her finally that if Don were sitting where he sits, and he wasn’t the subject of the conversation, he’d tell her the same thing – make your move.

This is hard for Peggy to digest, and as she backs away from the idea, he gets her. “You let him know you’re not some secretary from Brooklyn who’s dying to help out.” It’s that line that seals the deal because it’s so true, at least from Peggy’s perspective. He tags the scene by reminding Peggy that she can’t get mad if he goes after he job, once it’s vacant.

That night, the night before the pitch, Pete pays a visit to Don as he’s wrapping up at the office. Pete compliments Don on the tagline. Pete being Pete, he’s got a hidden agenda, and we soon see what it is when he tells Don that all impediments have been removed, that it will all boil down to the pitch. What Pete means is that, “Hey Don, I’ve Don the hard work, now you just go in there and say your magic words.”

This doesn’t sit well with Don, and as he leaves, he tells Pete that he doesn’t want it this way. Pete couldn’t be happier.

Don races to Joan’s apartment, where her mother answers the door. After a short wait, Joan appears in an emerald green kimono. The mother disappears. “I wanted to tell you that it’s not worth it,” Don says. “And if we don’t get Jaguar, so what? Who wants to be in business with people like that?” Joan seems surprised. “I was told everyone was on board.” Don explains that he said no, but that they voted after he left the room. “You’re a good one, aren’t you?” she says. “So, you understand what I’m saying?” “Yes I do,” Joan says. “I’m all right. And thank you.”

As Don leaves, Joan sends him off with a tender touch to the cheek. He goes home to prepare, feeling as though he’s saved Joan and preserved his chance to win fair and square.

The next day is the pitch, and this is where the show hit another level, putting on par with some of the best episodes in the entire five season run.

Don shows up at the Jaguar showroom, flanked by Roger, Pete, Ken, and the creative team, and as they stride down the middle of the showroom, a competing agency walks past, going in the opposite direction. It’s like an old west showdown.

As Don gets into his pitch, he’s in old form. But there’s a twist.

 

Fallen lady – lifestyle inside the twenty first Century

This is a story about two women from different countries, different cultures; two women who never met; who would not share the same fate; two women who experienced different extremes of a culture gone wrong.

One of those women was hardly a woman, but a girl of eighteen. Her name was Roop Kanwar, and she lived in a village in Rajasthan, India. Some 7 months into her marriage, her life ended as she was burned to death-forcibly, according to witnesses-on the funeral pyre of her husband. Her death caused a controversy, and divided a nation steeped in religious superstition and misquoted scriptures.

The other woman was just a year older than Roop when she first came into contact with the same land, the same people, the same culture. Some years later, she moved to India, where she currently lives in a village on the banks of the River Ganges.

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That other woman is me. I will never share the same fate as Roop Kanwar, because I was born and bred in Australia. Some would say my upbringing was devoid of real culture, and they may be right. Others would say I had freedom of choice and the ability to avoid the same fate as Roop, and they are also right. Whatever, the fact remains that both cultures-eastern and western-have something to offer, and somewhere between the supposed decadence and moral bankruptcy of the west, and the pseudo-spirituality of the east, lies a truth that can set anyone free. Even Roop Kanwar…

 

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I came across the story of Roop for the first time in 1998. I was living in Jaipur, and every now and then in newspapers and magazines her name would come up. Five years later, I was given a book entitled “Death By Fire” by Mala Sen. It was the story of Roop, and it left me feeling dissatisfied. That wasn’t the fault of the author-it was the story itself. Most disturbing was the acceptance by a large portion of the nation that this was somehow “okay,” that the burning to death of a beautiful young girl was a result of her purity and piety, and that seven generations before and after her were benefited by such a violent and gruesome death. I concluded that only a twisted form of a rich and philosophically powerful culture such as the one Roop came from could condone such a barbaric act.

Throughout Sen’s book were references to another, considered the definitive study on sati, the practice of widow burning outlawed by the British in the 18th century: “Sati: A Study of Widow Burning in West Bengal,” by Sakuntala Narasimhan. By this stage I was a resident of West Bengal, so the topic was ‘local’. I began to read Narasimhan’s book with some trepidation. My concern was twofold, an angle of vision from both sides of the fence. Firstly, I wondered how much Narasimhan’s study was drawn from an extreme feminist viewpoint, which was, as far as I could see, no solution to the problems that exist for women in India-even if it is an understandable reaction. Secondly, from the opposite end of the argument, I was concerned about how much of the book was based on a proper understanding of the scriptures quoted by those who were propagating widow burning based on some so-called “religious” standpoint, and how well Narasimhan could therefore argue the point on a reasonable and logical basis without being drowned in the religious melee that surrounds such issues.century

I found Narasimhan’s book fascinating. She held a PhD, was a published author and a noted performer who toured India, impressing audiences with her beautiful singing. She was someone with an educated concern about the topic, a beautiful and feminine woman who hadn’t hardened her edges in her desire to right the wrongs of the culturally warped environment of which she was a product. Her writing was solid and based on a clear and unbiased understanding of the scriptures that those she was arguing against were quoting. Overall, the book was an appealing and refreshing approach to an old and ugly problem.

After reading Narasimhan’s book, I realized that there was one crucial point she had missed: for a culture that has its roots in the most intricate and detailed spiritual philosophy available, no one seemed to have much understanding of it, and certainly it wasn’t being offered as a solution to the ills the country faced. It led me to question what this culture was that the entire country claimed to follow, and I soon realized that it was something way off track than what it started out as. In fact, it seemed to be steering way out of control, heading with a determined foot on the accelerator towards the materialistic mecca of the west, far from the spiritual roots that had bound it so long.

What does the western culture have to offer that can substantiate its claim to being “more advanced” than the culture that did this to Roop Kanwar, and why does her country seem so desperate to find their solutions in the west? While the women of India have an ancient culture as their protection (and a reasonable amount of time it does work that way) stories like this Roop’s are evidence that discrimination is rife, and worse, that it is entrenched in the “culture” of the entire country, crossing all religious boundaries, thereby granting it an immediate bona-fide with any religious sector in any social class. The added hypocrisy is hard to swallow: that a country that apparently follows a stricter moral principle than perhaps any country on the planet suffers from the reluctance to admit their human frailties; or worse, disguises them as “spiritual strengths.” Roop’s case is a sad reflection of a culture that believes a woman who can no longer be enjoyed by her husband might just as well burn on his funeral pyre. Her only other choice, according to neighbors, was that Roop live a life devoid of any social status: shave her head, wear only white saris, not eat fancy food (basically just rice and dahl for the rest of her life), not remarry and have children, not partake in any religious festival or public event-in fact, that she never be seen in public again, not even to draw water from the village well; her presence would be considered inauspicious by the entire village-the fact that she continued to live would be sufficient to bring all bad fortune down upon the residents of the village. In other words, even if she lived, she would be considered “dead.” Such a conclusion hardly seems to fit into the tenets of a compassionate, spiritual culture, and one would be forgiven for thinking that the western culture seemed more ‘advanced.’

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Yet humans share common experiences, regardless of boundaries of culture, country and bodily designation. The surroundings may differ, but the pain is the same. The only difference between the plight of women in the west and the east is that the westerners, with our inbred independence and concepts of equality between the sexes, usually manage to escape. The Roop Kanwars of this world don’t have that option.

I met my first husband at 19 and married shortly after. I don’t know why it went so rapidly to hell the way it did, but I remember the first punch. I thought it was a cliche that people used when they said they “saw stars before their eyes” when they’d been hit. It’s not. The contents of my head swam in a murky, thick blackness; shooting stars exploded before my eyes, and my movements slowed to a surreal pace. That was the first time he broke my nose-it wouldn’t be the last. We had a rifle in the house, and I woke up one morning simply knowing in my heart that I was about to use it on him, and if I didn’t do the job right, he’d use it on me. I decided he wasn’t worth spending time in prison for, and certainly wasn’t worth dying for, so I left him. I have never seen him since.

A new examine sodium and blood stress
Moore and her crew took facts from 2,632 men and women aged between 30 and sixty-four years, who had been part of the Framingham Offspring Study – an offshoot of the Framingham Heart Study. All individuals had regular blood strain on the begin of the trial.

Over the 16-year observe-up duration, the researchers discovered that the participants who consumed beneath 2,500 milligrams of sodium every day had better blood stress than folks that ate up better portions of sodium.

The outcomes seem counterintuitive. As the authors write: “While we predicted nutritional sodium intake to be definitely related to both SBP [systolic blood pressure] and DBP [diastolic blood pressure], the alternative become located.”

Although the findings seem to kick against the popularity quo, they’re in line with different latest studies asking comparable questions. Research has shown that there’s a “J-shaped relationship” between cardiovascular threat and sodium. This approach that low-sodium diets and really high-sodium diets each deliver a higher danger of heartsickness.

Many people within the United States sit down within the middle of this curve, in which the cardiovascular risk is at

There was one night, though, that was surrounded in so much sheer terror that it is hard for me to relive. So I don’t-I repeat it as an observer. It seems to have happened to someone else, and in a way, it did. I am no longer the girl who went through this, but in Roop Kanwar I saw it all over again.

I can’t remember the details of how it happened. I just remember going home alone, leaving my husband where he was because he had to learn, somehow, that he couldn’t talk to me like that. It wasn’t long before he followed, but this time I thought I was ready for him. The house was locked up, but that infuriated him further. As he smashed the window next to the front door and reached in to unlatch the bolt, I grabbed my purse and keys and fled out the back door before he saw me. I ran across the road and hid in the bushes. I still remember the terror of hearing his voice calling out to me, oblivious to the neighbors and the late hour, yelling what he would do to me if he got hold of me. As I sat crouched in the bushes, trembling with the fear that he would find me, too scared to breathe, I knew that he meant it, and I knew if I wanted to live, I couldn’t go back in that house. I sat and prayed. It was all I could do. Finally, the rage abated, and he left the house, walked down the street, and disappeared into the night.century

I didn’t hesitate. I ran toward the house, quickly unlocked and threw open the trunk of the car, and ran inside to collect as many of my belongings as I could. I jammed the trunk full, slammed the lid, filled the back seat, and backed out of the drive. I drove for 2 hours, to the nearest city. I was thousands of kilometers away from my family, alone in a city where I knew no one. But I got out. I had a car, I had money, I had a way to save myself, and that’s a whole lot more than most of the women in India have. According to the “culture” in India, I’m a fallen woman. But at least I’m alive.

There’s not much difference between Roop’s situation and mine. Would I have been thrown on a fire? Undoubtedly not-but that doesn’t negate the principle that women live in fear of their lives in every country; that those who claim a strength of culture to serve their own needs are as dangerous as any unprincipled, materialistic country with seemingly no cultural foundations. What kind of lessons or inspirations, then, can a western woman hope to derive from such a culture? Is there anything positive it can offer western women?

Roop Kanwar’s home state, Rajasthan, was and still is to a great degree a state that recognizes “purdah”, or the veil. Women are still covered at all times by a veil, and were rarely, if ever, seen in public. Their living arrangements were separate from the men, and their lives were based around an enclosed community of women. The last reigning Queen of Jaipur, Gayatri Devi, was a well-traveled woman who graced the cover of Vogue; headed the list of “Most Beautiful Women in the World;” rubbed shoulders with British royalty and American society; and who John F. Kennedy claimed was, on her entry into politics, “the woman with the most staggering majority that anyone has ever earned in an election,” a claim backed up by the Guinness Book of World Records. Originally a Princess from the Bengal state of Cooch Behar, she married into the Jaipur royal family as the third wife of the reigning monarch, Sawat Man Singh, known to the world as Jai Singh. He was a gallant, handsome, romantic figure; an instant headline maker, the polo-playing Maharaja of Jaipur whose team trounced the British repeatedly, and who took the world by storm with his social and sporting escapades in London, Paris, Rome and Monte Carlo. When Gayatri Devi married Jai, he already had two wives, both of whom observed full purdah. He wanted Gayatri to lead women out of what he perceived to be an oppressive situation, and she dedicated her life to the emancipation of women across India. Although her life was only slightly touched by purdah, she had this to say in its support:

“It is difficult for Westerners to understand why…women were perfectly content with what seems, from the outside, a hopelessly dull and claustrophobic existence. In fact, their lives in purdah were much fuller and more active than one would imagine. Apart from running a large household, a woman with a wide circle of children, grandchildren, and relatives was the focal point of the whole family. As a girl in her own home, she would have been taught the basic accomplishments considered necessary for any Hindu girl: cooking, sewing, taking care of children. Later, as a young bride, she would learn the ways of her husband’s family, and eventually, as a mother and grandmother, her authority and her responsibilities would increase. Perhaps most important of all, she would never be without companionship and she would always be needed. Zenana life [the women’s quarters], with all its limitations, had profound and solid compensations, too.”

Gayatri Devi makes a strong point about the development of the inner community of women. This female self-reliance is part of the original Indian culture, known as the Vedic culture, and there are more positive accounts of its benefits than negative-leaning more towards feminine than feminist. Women find balance in a strong support group of friends and advisers upon whom they can rely, as the women in cultured India did, and in some parts still do. Such a network of support also serves to alleviate the stress placed on a man to be that sole provider of everything, which is really only a banal cliche. Those who pursue it, or are willing to settle for it, are inevitably disappointed. Of course, this is in no way meant to cast aspersions on our men. It’s simply a matter of fact that their ability to be everything that a woman needs is a Hollywood myth, propagated repeatedly in every form of media. Unfortunately, a great percentage of the world is weaned on such myths; our conditioning runs deep and impacts our responses, our choices. We are products of our upbringing, without a doubt.

For Roop Kanwar-for all of us-the past is irretrievable; for those who suffer in a similar fashion, the future may not look any brighter, be they in the west or the east. I don’t have any solutions: maybe none of us do. Some things, like the Indians will tell you, are simply karma.

I can’t help thinking, though, that all over the planet, from London’s High Streets to downtown Sydney, India has been the flavor of the year for a long time now. I’m sure in our pursuance of all things Indian, we might examine a little more closely the richness not only of their fabrics and interiors, but the finer elements of their ancient culture. Somehow I feel that Roop would appreciate such a positive approach.